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What are the carbon footprint 'Scopes?'

Updated: Feb 14



Infographic: intro to scopes 1,2, and 3

In carbon accounting for business, emissions are divided into three Scopes: Scope 1, 2, and 3. They help to clarify and segment how much influence a company has over reducing emissions.


We've included a breakdown of the 3 Scopes, as well as a some real life examples below.


Scope 1

Scope 1 emissions include any greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) that are directly controlled or owned by the company.


What this really means:

All the emissions that come out directly from a company (the gas used in a boiler, the fumes that come out of a company-owned car, etc). You can generally think about this Scope as 'what do we burn?'.


Scope 1 sub-categories:

  1. Stationary combustion - Fuel burned within company facilities.

  2. Mobile combustion - Fuel burned by company-owned vehicles.

  3. Process emissions - Fuel burned specifically by manufacturing processes at company facilities.

  4. Fugitive emissions - GHG gas leaks from air con units and refrigeration.


Example of Scope 1 emissions:

Gas heating within a company office (Stationary Combustion).


Infographic showing the 4 Scope 1 Emissions Categories: Stationary Combustion, Mobile combustion, Process Emissions, and Fugitive Emissions.
Scope 1 emissions categories

Scope 2

Scope 3






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